The root canal cavity is present at the center of every tooth and houses the pulp. The pulp is composed of the blood vessels that nourish the tooth and the nerves that are responsible for the sensation of the tooth. But, when the pulp develops an infection, it can put the entire tooth at risk of being extracted. This is called a root canal infection.
What are the symptoms of root canal infection?
Patients with root canal infection usually go through a lot of pain while biting and chewing food. Even brushing and flossing the teeth can be quite painful.
The infected tooth could become extremely sensitive to hot and cold foods. This can be felt as a sharp sensation in a particular tooth rather than all the teeth.
Release of pus from the gums near the infected tooth. Sometimes, the gums would bleed as well.
When the infection is left untreated for a long time, it could spread to the nearby teeth and gums as well. Over time, it may affect the underlying jawbone as well and lead to deterioration.
Due to jawbone deterioration, the infected tooth could loosen from its socket. In extreme cases, there could be tooth loss.
What causes root canal infection?
External trauma: When the teeth crack or chip when you sustain an external injury, there are chances for the tooth to develop root canal infection. This is especially possible if you do not get the tooth restored using a restoration.
Cavities: The major cause of root canal infection is tooth decay. The microbes could decay the deeper layers of the tooth over time and infect the pulp as well.
Gum diseases:Gingivitis and periodontitis are two of the most prominent gum diseases. They can upset one's oral health to a massive extent and even lead to root canal infection if not treated at the right time.
How can root canal infection be treated?
An endodontist is a dentist who specifically treats root canal infection and any condition related to the dental pulp. A root canal therapy is known to be the last resort treatment method to prevent a tooth from being extracted due to the infection. Hence, it holds a lot of prominence in the world of dentistry.
During the initial appointment, we would carefully screen the teeth and take x-rays of the mouth. This helps us analyze the structure of the jawbone and the extent of the decay within the root canal cavity as well. Next, you will be prepared for the treatment procedure. The teeth will be cleaned and disinfected to remove microbes from around the infected tooth.
Local anesthesia will be given to the gums to keep you from pain and discomfort during the procedure. A small access hole will be made on the infected tooth using high-precision dental instruments. Thin dental files will be used to remove the infected pulp from the root canal. Also, the walls of the cavity will be scrubbed to remove the adhered microbes. They will be washed off using a jet of water.
After the root canal therapy, the tooth tends to become weak due to lack of nutrition. Due to this, it could crumble under high forces while biting or chewing food. Hence, we suggest restoring the tooth using a dental crown. This ensures your tooth is kept intact.
Call us at (863) 225-5600 or schedule an online appointment with us and we’ll be able to guide you further.